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Setting up a Celestia validator node

Validator nodes allow you to participate in consensus in the Celestia network.

validator node

Hardware requirements

The following hardware minimum requirements are recommended for running the validator node:

  • Memory: 8 GB RAM
  • CPU: 6 cores
  • Disk: 500 GB SSD Storage
  • Bandwidth: 1 Gbps for Download/1 Gbps for Upload

Setting up your validator node

The following tutorial is done on an Ubuntu Linux 20.04 (LTS) x64 instance machine.

Setup the dependencies

Follow the instructions on installing the dependencies here.

Install celestia-app

Follow the tutorial on installing celestia-app here.

Setup the P2P networks

Now we will setup the P2P Networks by cloning the networks repository:

cd $HOME
rm -rf networks
git clone

To initialize the network pick a "node-name" that describes your node. The --chain-id parameter we are using here is mocha-4. Keep in mind that this might change if a new testnet is deployed.

celestia-appd init "node-name" --chain-id mocha-4

Copy the genesis.json file. For mocha we are using:

cp $HOME/networks/mocha-4/genesis.json $HOME/.celestia-app/config

Set seeds and peers:

SEEDS="some seeds"
PEERS="some peers"
sed -i -e 's|^seeds *=.*|seeds = "'$SEEDS'"|; s|^persistent_peers *=.*|persistent_peers = "'$PEERS'"|' $HOME/.celestia-app/config/config.toml
sed -i -e "s/^seed_mode *=.*/seed_mode = \"$SEED_MODE\"/" $HOME/.celestia-app/config/config.toml

Note: You can find more peers here.

Configure pruning

For lower disk space usage we recommend setting up pruning using the configurations below. You can change this to your own pruning configurations if you want:


sed -i -e "s/^pruning *=.*/pruning = \"$PRUNING\"/" $HOME/.celestia-app/config/app.toml
sed -i -e "s/^pruning-keep-recent *=.*/pruning-keep-recent = \
\"$PRUNING_KEEP_RECENT\"/" $HOME/.celestia-app/config/app.toml
sed -i -e "s/^pruning-interval *=.*/pruning-interval = \
\"$PRUNING_INTERVAL\"/" $HOME/.celestia-app/config/app.toml


By default, a consensus node will sync using block sync; that is request, validate and execute every block up to the head of the blockchain. This is the most secure mechanism yet the slowest (taking up to days depending on the height of the blockchain).

There are two alternatives for quicker syncing.

State sync

State sync uses light client verification to verify state snapshots from peers and then apply them. State sync relies on weak subjectivity; a trusted header (specifically the hash and height) must be provided. This can be found by querying a trusted RPC endpoint (/block). RPC endpoints are also required for retrieving light blocks. These can be found in the docs here under the respective networks or from the chain-registry.

In $HOME/.celestia-app/config/config.toml, set

rpc_servers = ""
trust_height = 0
trust_hash = ""

to their respective fields. At least two different rpc endpoints should be provided. The more, the greater the chance of detecting any fraudulent behavior.

Once setup, you should be ready to start the node as normal. In the logs, you should see: Discovering snapshots. This may take a few minutes before snapshots are found depending on the network topology.

Quick sync

Quick sync effectively downloads the entire data directory from a third-party provider meaning the node has all the application and blockchain state as the node it was copied from.

Run the following command to quick-sync from a snapshot for mocha:

cd $HOME
rm -rf ~/.celestia-app/data
mkdir -p ~/.celestia-app/data
SNAP_NAME=$(curl -s | \
  egrep -o ">mocha-4.*tar" | tr -d ">")
wget -O -${SNAP_NAME} | tar xf - \
  -C ~/.celestia-app/data/

Start the celestia-app

In order to start your validator node, run the following:


Please refer to the ports section for information on which ports are required to be open on your machine.

celestia-appd start

Follow the tutorial on setting up celestia-app as a background process with SystemD here.


Follow the tutorial on creating a wallet here.

Delegate stake to a validator

Create an environment variable for the address:


If you want to delegate more stake to any validator, including your own you will need the celesvaloper address of the validator in question. You can either check it using the block explorer mentioned above or you can run the command below to get the celesvaloper of your local validator wallet in case you want to delegate more to it:

celestia-appd keys show $VALIDATOR_WALLET --bech val -a

After entering the wallet passphrase you should see a similar output:

Enter keyring passphrase:

To delegate tokens to the celestiavaloper validator, as an example you can run:

celestia-appd tx staking delegate \ 
celestiavaloper1q3v5cugc8cdpud87u4zwy0a74uxkk6u4q4gx4p 1000000utia \
--from=$VALIDATOR_WALLET --chain-id=mocha-4

If successful, you should see a similar output as:

code: 0
codespace: ""
data: ""
gas_used: "0"
gas_wanted: "0"
height: "0"
info: ""
logs: []
raw_log: '[]'
timestamp: ""
tx: null
txhash: <tx-hash>

You can check if the TX hash went through using the block explorer by inputting the txhash ID that was returned.

Optional: Deploy the Celestia Node

Running a bridge node is critical to the Celestia network as it enables the data availability and consensus nodes to communicate with one another. It is recommended to support the data availability network, but is not required for celestia-app.

If you are not running a bridge node, you can skip to Run a validator node.

This section describes part 2 of Celestia validator node setup: running a Celestia bridge node daemon.

Install Celestia Node

You can follow the tutorial for installing celestia-node here

Initialize the bridge node

Run the following:

celestia bridge init --core.ip <ip-address>

Please refer to the ports section for information on which ports are required to be open on your machine.

If you need a list of RPC endpoints to connect to, you can check from the list here

Run the bridge node

Run the following:

celestia bridge start

Optional: start the bridge node with SystemD

Follow the tutorial on setting up the bridge node as a background process with SystemD here.

You have successfully set up a bridge node that is syncing with the network.

Setup QGB keys

This step helps get you prepared for when the Quantum Gravity Bridge is enabled.

First, prepare an EVM address with a private key that you have access to. We will use it to register your validator's EVM address later in this page.

Run a validator node

After completing all the necessary steps, you are now ready to run a validator! In order to create your validator on-chain, follow the instructions below. Keep in mind that these steps are necessary ONLY if you want to participate in the consensus.

Pick a moniker name of your choice! This is the validator name that will show up on public dashboards and explorers. VALIDATOR_WALLET must be the same you defined previously. Parameter --min-self-delegation=1000000 defines the amount of tokens that are self delegated from your validator wallet.

Now, connect to the network of your choice.

You have the following option of connecting to list of networks shown below:

Continuing the validator tutorial, here are the steps to connect your validator to Mocha:


celestia-appd tx staking create-validator \
  --amount=1000000utia \
  --pubkey=$(celestia-appd tendermint show-validator) \
  --moniker=$MONIKER \
  --chain-id=mocha-4 \
  --commission-rate=0.1 \
  --commission-max-rate=0.2 \
  --commission-max-change-rate=0.01 \
  --min-self-delegation=1000000 \

You will be prompted to confirm the transaction:

confirm transaction before signing and broadcasting [y/N]: y

Inputting y should provide an output similar to:

code: 0
codespace: ""
data: ""
gas_used: "0"
gas_wanted: "0"
height: "0"
info: ""
logs: []
raw_log: '[]'
timestamp: ""
tx: null
txhash: <tx-hash>

Register your validator's EVM address

This section will cover how to register your validator's EVM address. This is required to run an orchestrator.

To register your EVM address, run the following. Be sure to replace YOUR_EVM_ADDRESS with your EVM address:

VALIDATOR_ADDRESS=$(celestia-appd keys show $VALIDATOR_WALLET --home "${HOME_DIR}" --bech val -a)

celestia-appd tx qgb register \
--home "${HOME_DIR}" \
--fees 30000utia \
-b block \
-y &

You should now be able to see your validator from a block explorer like here

Run the QGB Orchestrator

Now that the QGB will be enabled for Blockspace Race (BSR), all validators will need to run the QGB orchestrator to be able to sign attestations. To run it, please check the docs here.